KNILKoninklijk Nederlands Indisch Leger (Dutch)
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Others, en route to the East Indies, were diverted to Australia and were used to equip Dutch and KNIL forces who had escaped from the Japanese.
Both the Landmacht and the KNIL maintained units of Corps Marechaussee, para-military gendarmes.
Out in the East Indies, the KNIL had never been completely happy with the Model 75 revolver and looked for a replacement, settling on a revolver designed by Capt.
While the KNIL and Navy had adopted the 9mm Parabellum Luger (Pistool No.
By 1874, Dutch forces had occupied most of the coastal regions but an attack upon the capital city was repulsed during which the KNIL commander, Maj.
This led the Dutch authorities to declare the war open again and additional KNIL troops were sent it while forces of a neighboring sultan, Teuku Umar, were recruited to help.
The KNIL was officially disbanded in July 1950 and while most native personnel were discharged, many of its European personnel were reorganized into the Regiment Van Heutze of the Landmacht.
Several thousand South Moluccans--a significant number of whom were KNIL veterans--and their families were allowed to immigrate to the Netherlands to escape persecution.
All carbines used by the KNIL were fitted with turned-down bolt handles, lacked handguards, and had brass unit marking plaques inletted into the buttstock.
The situation is exacerbated by the fact that the semi-autonomous KNIL developed and issued its own variations of the carbine, as did the Korps Marechaussee (military gendarmes), local police, and the navy.
As war clouds gathered in Europe and Asia, the Dutch army and KNIL began a crash program building new carbines and altering older long rifles into carbines.
Both the KNIL and Corps Marechaussee were constantly involved in combating bandits and pirates in addition to periodic pacification campaigns against local sultans who did not care for the "benefits" of Dutch imperialism.