KNILKoninklijk Nederlands Indisch Leger (Dutch)
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According to Dutch arms expert Bas Martens, no fewer than twelve carbines were approved for use by the Landmacht, Corps Marechaussee and police; an additional five were produced for the KNIL, while the navy accounted for yet a eighteenth variant.
The jungle terrain common to much of the East Indies limited the usefulness of cavalry, and while the KNIL did maintain some mounted units, they were normally mounted infantry who traveled by mule but fought on foot.
The navy, Corps Mariniers (Marines) and some units of the KNIL were issued a similar, but shorter, rifle known as the Marinebus M.
On 8 March 1942 the Dutch surrendered after a rather inglorious defense on Java, where the main KNIL forces were quickly overrun by the invading Japanese army.
140) Even more confusingly, in October 1949 Kartosuwiryo is alleged to have held discussions with the notorious KNIL captain R.
Meuwese first summarizes the data on the often forgotten conscription of Dutch citizens in the Indies, imposed for the KNIL since 1917.
Both the KNIL and Corps Marechaussee were constantly involved in combating bandits and pirates in addition to periodic pacification campaigns against local sultans who did not care for the "benefits" of Dutch imperialism.
It ended with the perpetrator, a KNIL lieutenant, going to jail in 1929 after questions in the Dutch Parliament made the case public.
The situation is exacerbated by the fact that the semi-autonomous KNIL developed and issued its own variations of the carbine, as did the Korps Marechaussee (military gendarmes), local police, and the navy.
The KNIL sent two General Staff officers on a secret mission to the British Army and RAAF at Singapore between 11 and 14 June 1937.
It quickly became apparent that the available military force, known as KNIL, and the volunteers brought in from the Netherlands were inadequate for their mission.
44 millimetre KNIL model 91 revolver with intent to cause onlookers to fear violence.