UNDP articulated its 1992-1996 country program with Polish government priorities: human capital, quality of life, ecology and environment, and both public and private institutions, including the KSAP (UNDP, 1992).
In no institution were Poland's hopes and problems in state redesign more evident than in the KSAP. Before Solidarity, separate ministries controlled their own employees in relative isolation, but a politically elite program operated in Warsaw for Communist training.
Two early decisions guided initial development of the KSAP under Gintowt's dominating control:
Changes would be swift and complete - not incremental - with displacement of past faculty and most administrators; the KSAP would function with a small full-time staff under the director's sustained control, while drawing expertise from other educational institutions, ministries, and visitors (including foreign officials and private-sector leaders).
The KSAP would select a few well-qualified university graduates and educate these precareerists in an 18-month program, plus internships in Poland and abroad, as a small elite for Polish public service in a constitutionally based state.
With no KSAP faculty from the past, Gintowt took 18 months to assemble a core of professionals and staff, to plan and prepare curricula, and to recruit and select a hoped-for initial class of 40 students.
The KSAP was influenced by ENA to become an elite educational institution, with no initial concern with urgent needs for training amidst Poland's turbulence and with heavy reliance on full-time officials as part-time faculty and mentors.
With funding through the Pew Charitable Trust, the Institute of Public Administration (IPA) in New York provided assistance to KSAP starting in 1991 (especially on curriculum, short-term training, professional resources, and some equipment and publications), and it sought other help through USAID, USIS, the Peace Corps, and the U.S.
Yet, KSAP's originally conceived role - to educate highly capable precareerists to form a Polish service corps - has continued as fundamental, expressing Polish state aspirations.
Without full-time faculty expertise and with the burden of implementation of contents and processes falling on part timers and visitors, control is concentrated in the KSAP Director.