He also neglects some important episodes, such as the ceasefire between the Kachin Independence Organization
and the government that lasted for almost seventeen years between 1994 and 2011.
Veteran Myanmar-watcher Martin Smith provides a comprehensive overview of and reflection on the Kachin Independence Organization
's (KIO) ceasefire with the government between 1994 and 2011, arguing that it should be seen in the larger historical context of fluctuating but deeply inequitable relations between the Myanmar government and the military, and minority communities (pp.
Instead, subsequent waves of globalization during the twentieth century, though they often reinforced ethno-nationalist movements (especially the Kachin Independence Organization
), challenged them as well.
Beijing has also alienated some in the country by its support for two ethnic rebel groups, the Kachin Independence Organization
and the United Wa State Army, which recently refused to sign a ceasefire with the government.
Tu Ja that the there be a halt to the fighting during the election period, both the Kachin Independence Organization
(KIO) and the army have yet to make any official announcement that such a move would take place, BNI said.
The six-day summit of ethnic leaders, the fourth of its kind, is being participated by leaders of 12 invited armed groups including Kachin Independence Organization
(KIO), Karen National Union (KNU), United Wa State Army (UWSA) and National Democratic Alliance Army (NDAA).
Peace talks with the Kachin Independence Organization
for cease-fire are still ongoing following months of severe fighting in northern part of the country earlier this year, in which Myanmar's military used helicopter gunships and fighter jets.
However, fighting still rages with the Kachin Independence Organization
in northern Myanmar with little sign of a truce on the horizon.
The 1996 report "Current Status of Drug Eradication in Kachin State" by the Kachin Independence Organization
claims a "dramatic...
The KIO (Kachin Independence Organization
) has repeatedly requested U.S.
The government's Union Peacemaking Work Committee and the Kachin Independence Organization
, the political wing of the Kachin Independence Army, signed a seven-point agreement following three days of peace talks in Myitkyina, the capital of Myanmar's northern Kachin State, state-run radio and TV reports said Thursday evening.
The KIA is the armed wing of the Kachin Independence Organization
(KIO), which was created in 1961.