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References in periodicals archive ?
BhS ([section] 171) is the first place where we see yadrcchaya describing an event prompted by the compassion (krpa) of a devotee, who nevertheless acts with complete freedom.
Jiva's argument in BhS [section]180 is that the cause of bhakti, or "turning to the Lord," is not the compassion (krpa) of the Lord--Visvanatha will agree but for other reasons--because God is unable to feel compassion:
The nature of compassion (krpa) is a thought produced when there is contact between one's own mind and the suffering of another person.
In the section above I demonstrated that Jiva Gosvamin argued that conviction (sraddha), the second step on the path of bhakti, is developed by contact with a devotee (sadhu-sanga), an event that occurs spontaneously (yadrcchaya) and is motivated by the devotee's compassion or empathy (krpa).
Adrian Burton, however, translates yadrcchika, as "causeless" qualifying krpa "mercy": "That bhakti, however, can only be obtained through the causeless [yadrcchika] mercy [krpa] of my exalted pure devotees; it cannot be obtained through human efforts" (Burton 2000: 321, brackets added by me).
Two different senses of the word compassion (Jerpa) are used by Jiva and Visvanatha: krpa as a devotee's feeling for the naive when s/he remembers what it was like to suffer (as discussed in BhS [section] 180, and [section] 2 of this article), and krpa as the "full blossoming of the Lord's compassion" toward his devotee when the svarupa-sakti is manifest but is wholly disconnected from the soul's suffering (as discussed in SV 2.9.33, [section]3 and n.