There are notable differences between France's educational system and that of other countries', and these help understand how LANSAD can be synonymous with both ASP and ESP.
This can produce two types of situations: either the lecturers pursue their initial research in literature, civilization, or linguistics and disconnect it from their teaching practices, or they try to redirect their research toward didactics in LANSAD, even if they do not necessarily have a background in that domain.
The debate develops around who should teach English in the LANSAD sector and which approach to adopt.
ASP, in its LANSAD aspect, is connected to CLIL, and is situated at the junction between language and content.
Understanding the nature of each component and the way the set of interactions reverberates on the components is best carried out by means of "action research", because it strengthens the links between theory and practice, thus building each of these two essential components of LANSAD.
In spite of the gradual change in the educational landscape nationwide, few students of English devote their Master's degree to the didactics of English or to any deep reflection on the nature or scope of the LANSAD sector (ASP).
Evolutions et enjeux des formations et de la recherche dans le secteur LANSAD.