El Cuestionario LBDQ
fue aplicado a oficiales de la fuerza aerea en Estados Unidos y a lideres/directores empresariales (Bass, 1990).
Situational leadership retained the original concept of "concern for production and concern for people" or "production orientation and employee orientation" from the previous theories, but they added another dimension to it: "competence and commitment of the follower." They modified the original LBDQ
to their own SLQ.
(Hemphill & Coons, 1950), which we used in this study, consists of 10 items.
In that investigation, the transactional leadership factors of the MLQ were replaced by the Structure Initiation and Consideration scales of the LBDQ
. The augmentation effect of transformational leadership on the other leadership styles to predict the outcome variables was also found in this case.
Leadership style was measured by the Leadership Behavior Description Questionnaire (LBDQ
; Stogdill, 1963; Stogdill, Goode & Day, 1962), the self-report version of which is reported by Randolph & Blackburn (1989).
Revisiting the factor structure of LBDQ
: An application of confirmatory factor analysis.
In some studies, the Leader Behavior Description Questionnaire (LBDQ
) has been used as a surrogate for LMX (e.g., Katerberg & Hom, 1981; Williams, Podsakoff, & Huber, 1992).
The questionnaire used in this survey is a modified version of the Leadership Behaviour Description Questionnaire (LBDQ
) (Stogdill, 1959).
For example, the widely recognized questionnaire called the Leader Behavior Description Questionnaire (LBDQ
) was constructed by Ohio State researchers to measure leaders' behavior described by their subordinates (Hemphill & Coons, 1957).
Initially, a coding system based on the 13 Team Excellence (TE) dimensions plus the 12 leader behaviors identified by the Leader Behavior Description Questionnaire (LBDQ
), Form 12 (Stogdill, 1963) was developed.
Initial work on Leadership Styles may be traced in the publications of Kurt Lewin (1939); McGregor's (1960), Michigan State University Studies of Managerial Grid; and Ohio State University Studies' Leader Behavior Description Questionnaire (LBDQ
), (Maccoby, 2007).
For collecting information on management style of school principals LBDQ
, or behavior resourceful leader behavior description questionnaire was used.