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Univariate analysis showed that age (30-39 years, and 60-69 years), occupation (housewives) and education (secondary and primary education, illiterate), were significantly associated with LBMD. (Table-III).
Multivariate analysis showed that age 30-39 years (OR=0.25, 95%CI 0.13 - 0.49), age 40-49 years (OR=0.30, 95%CI 0.15 - 0.59), age 50-59 years (OR=0.42, 95%CI 0.22 - 0.79), primary education (OR=3.83, 95%CI 2.30 - 6.38) and illiteracy (OR=3.83, 95%CI 2.52 - 5.82) were significantly associated with LBMD. Marital status and living place were not significantly associated with LBMD on univariate or multivariate analysis (Table-III).
An increase in educational level was related to a considerably decreased risk for OP.24 In multiple logistic regressions analysis, levels of education showed a predictive role toward LBMD. Education plays an important protective role against the prevalence of osteoporosis and non-educated and less educated women have more chances of having low BMD.
It seems that particular cohort of young women exposed to a period of nutritional insufficiency during a critical developmental period due to which they suffer from LBMD at an early age.