He cited a study supported by a trial grant from Mead Johnson in which 81 children were enrolled as infants in a double-blind, randomized trial of LC-PUFA
However, high n-3 LC-PUFA
intake, in comparison with low intake, was inversely associated with risk of IHD; this trend was significant in women but not in men.
An omega-3 LC-PUFA
supplement should be highly concentrated, tox-in-free, flavourless and produced to the highest purity and stability standards.
They also recognized the importance of the n-3 LC-PUFAs
for infant brain development during pregnancy and infancy.
Improvements linked to n-3 LC-PUFAs
in conditions associated with older age, mental disorders and asthma were also cited.
New data also support positive associations between n-3 LC-PUFAs
, infant development and mental health.
introduced three genes involved in converting PUFAs into LC-PUFAs
into mouse ear cress (Arabidopsis thaliana).
For example, a study on atherosclerosis linked genetic mutations to inflammatory responses, which may be ameliorated by dietary n-3 LC-PUFA
Another study showed that maternal smoking adversely affects the content of docosahexaenoic acid (DHA), a major n-3 LC-PUFA
, in breast milk, particularly during early lactation.
Long Chain Polyunsaturated Fatty Acids: Omega-6 LC-PUFA
, Omega-3 LC-PUFA
These findings underscore the importance of omega-3 LC-PUFA
supplementation in fetal and infant development," Nettleton noted.
Recent studies on LC-PUFA
consumption find that they are associated with lower blood pressure in children, reduce the risk of coronary heart disease in people with and without type 2 diabetes, alleviate symptoms of some inflammatory skin disorders, and aid learning and memory in older people.