Preterm birth (<37 weeks) and early preterm birth (<34 weeks) were significantly lower in women who received omega-3 LCPUFA
compared with no omega-3.
[USA], Nov 16 ( ANI ): According to a study, pregnant women should increase the intake of omega-3 long-chain polyunsaturated fatty acids (LCPUFA
) to reduce the risk of premature births.
Participants were randomized to receive n-3 LCPUFA
(fish oil) or control (olive oil) from pregnancy week 24 until one week after birth.
* Omega-3 fatty acids--docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) (C22:6 omega-3), the major dietary and structural omega-3 long-chain polyunsaturated fatty acid (LCPUFA
) of the retina may modulate metabolic processes and stop the effects of environmental exposure that activate molecules implicated in the pathogenesis of retinal diseases.
Long-chain polyunsaturated fatty acids (LCPUFA
) are essential nutrients in the development and functioning of the brain and central nervous system.
Uzun zincirli yag asitleri (LCPUFA
) bebegin normal beyin gelisimi icin zorunlu besin ogeleridir.
(2010) states, "human milk oligosaccharides (HMO) and long-chained polyunsaturated fatty acids (LCPUFA
) are key immune-modulating components, and recently have been shown to maintain their quantity and pattern in donor HM after Holder pasteurization" (p.
The authors said breast milk contained so-called long-chain polyunsaturated fatty acids or LCPUFA
's, which were essential for brain development.
This is one of the few studies that examined whether early LCPUFA
supplementation can be seen to exert long-term effects much later in childhood.
The basis for such an erroneous assertion was the conclusion of a 2008 Cochrane Review -- "feeding term infants with milk formula enriched with LCPUFA
had no proven benefit regarding vision, cognition or physical growth." However, the Cochrane Review did not consider the dosage level of DHA in infant formula; EFSA specifically evaluated this aspect and found that 0.3% of fatty acids from DHA was necessary to obtain a visual benefit, and that lower doses had no clear effect.