RCT, therefore, provides counselors working with LGBTQQ clients with a theoretical framework to explore how experiences of oppression and resilience may hinder or expand relational competencies (Duffey, Haberstroh, & Trepal, 2009) and development across the life span (Comstock et al.
LGBTQQ counseling scholars have long called attention to the need for LGBTQQ counseling competence in counselor preparation programs, with special emphasis on the need for counseling theoretical frameworks that assist in conceptualizing how heterosexism is experienced and internalized (Dillon, Worthington, Soth-McNett, & Schwartz, 2008; Israel, Ketz, Detrie, Burke, & Shulman, 2003; Stone, 2003).
2011, 2014) that LGBTQQ people develop in response to discrimination suggests the need to explore and enhance these ways of coping as an important component of LGBTQQ-affirmative counseling.
RCT, therefore, provides counselors with guiding principles for multicultural and social justice-informed practice with LGBTQQ clients (Comstock et al.
Using RCT tenets when working with LGBTQQ individuals allows counselors to create a space of mutual growth and client empowerment, which functions counteractively to that of traditionally heteronormative cultures (Russell, 2009).
Furthermore, tenets of RCT empower LGBTQQ clients and counselors to analyze the clients' experiences to deconstruct heterosexism barriers beyond the counseling sessions (Comstock et al.