We correlated positive NAATs for Ct, Mg, and Uu with all signs of LGTI (Table 3).
The role of Mg in causing LGTI has been contradictory, but a recent meta-analysis reported that women with Mg detected in the cervix uteri had a significantly increased risk of cervicitis .
In the present study, we detected a low prevalence of Mg and no significant association between Mg infection and clinical/microscopic criteria for LGTI.
The role of other infectious agents in causing LGTI is less clear.
LGTI symptoms, dysuria and vaginal discharge, correspond to microscopic signs of LGTI in our study as well as a NAAT positive Ct but not NAAT positive Mg, Uu, Up, or Mh.
Single criteria for LGTI, except high cut-off urethritis, had low PPV and should not be used alone as single indicators for syndromic treatment.
Post sterilisation, 11 women (4.9%) reported LGTIs owing to STIs.
We found the risk of LGTIs owing to STIs was not directly affected by interval tubal sterilisation but is rather a reflection of sexual behaviour prior to sterilisation.
The risk of LGTIs due to STIs in women undergoing tubal ligation was increased only in those women with a history of infection pre sterilisation.
trachomatis was also seen in women (n = 430) with genitourinary complaints, even among the slum dwellers (15.3%, n = 53) compared to 9.39% observed in our women with LGTI (10).
trachomatis infection rate Clinical Participant Age in years Ag groups (n = 896) N (%) Range Median N (%) Asymptomatic 102 11.4 18-40 30 2 (1.96) LGTI 213 23.8 18-40 30 20 (9.39) RSA (n = 143, 15.38%) 2 SA 58 6.5 20-43 26 3 (5.2 *) >2 SA 77 8.6 20-40 28 8 (10.4 *) Ectopic 8 0.9 26-38 31.5 2 (25*) pregnancy Infertility 264 29.5 18-40 26 49 (18.6) ANC 174 19.4 19-40 26 24 (13.8) Clinical C.