The relative starting torque (mean [+ or -] standard deviation) for each fatigue protocol was lowHz = 25.7 [+ or -] 0.06, lowPD = 25.5 [+ or -] 0.06, and lowV = 25.3 [+ or -] 0.03.
Figure 2 suggests that for the lowPD and lowV protocols, the initial contractions resulted in larger decreases in torque than the final contractions and that after a certain critical contraction, the relative decrease in torque was minimal; i.e., the slope of the curve became not significantly different from zero.
If that was the case, we would expect to see differences in fatigue between our lowV and lowPD conditions that used the same 60 Hz frequency.
We examined the rate of fatigue among our three protocols and observed that the lowPD and lowV protocols each had a rapid decline in force that appeared to level out in the last half of the session.
Abbreviations: lowHz = low frequency (protocol), lowPD = low pulse duration (protocol), lowV = low voltage (protocol), MRI = magnetic resonance imaging, MVIC = maximum voluntary isometric contraction, NMES = neuromuscular electrical stimulation, PPI = Present Pain Intensity (scale), VA = Department of Veterans Affairs.
H1: There are significant differences in the general perceptions of role portrayals in advertising, company image, and purchase intention among female members of NOW, the League of Women Voters (LOWV), and a general area sample.
Specifically, given the history and reputation of NOW, this sample was expected to be the most critical, followed in turn by the LOWV sample, with the general area group being the least critical.
In addition, the NOW sample was expected to have the highest level of self-declared female autonomy, followed by the LOWV sample with the general area sample expected to be the lowest on this measure.
The League of Women Voter (LOWV) respondents were adult females residing in a large MSA in the mid-Atlantic region.
The NOW sample was found to be significantly more in agreement with item 14 ("I believe that how women are portrayed in ads merely reflects the general attitude of that company toward women's place in society") than either the LOWV sample or the general area sample.