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However, the key parameters of the LPCIA are the level of the cut-off and the gradient.
Finally, it is of some interest to consider the possible effects of applying the existing LPCIA system to a dataset expressed in PPP terms.
% of total income 16.0 36.6 32.5 % of total population 82.0 80.8 77.3 LPCIA as % of income (g=.85) 51.5 44.0 38.0 LPCIA as % of world income 8.2 13.7 10.5 share of total income after LPCIA 7.8 22.9 22.0
in countries above cut-off: % surcharge required to finance LPCIA 9.8 21.6 15.6
For the same reason, the combined LPCIA is a smaller percentage of these countries' income, but a larger percentage of total income, requiring a large surcharge to finance it.
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