Prior to the US-China MOU, basic guidelines for moving cultural property in and out of China were already established through both the 2007 LPCR and the Review Standards on the Exit of Cultural Objects and the Administrative Rules on the Review of the Entry and Exit of Cultural Objects.
127) Prior to the US-China MOU, China's 2002 LPCR included a total ban on the export of cultural objects produced before 1795, (128) and permitted only temporary loans to foreign museums upon approval from SACH or the State Council.
As mentioned above, the process for foreign archaeologists to acquire permits to work in China is set forth in China's 2007 LPCR.
184) Because current Chinese cultural property laws permit individuals to acquire movable cultural property at auction and the language of the 2007 LPCR does not appear to include a prohibition on foreigners, (185) the US-China MOU's import restrictions may cut off American collectors and museums from a portion of the international market.
The 2002 LPCR also appears to encourage citizen participation in the preservation of cultural property.
Also, the 2002 LPCR continues the confusion beset by the 1982 LPCR by mandating that the central government is responsible for protecting only the most precious relics.
The 1982 LPCR banned people and organizations, other than those approved by the cultural administration authority, from transacting in cultural property.