Whereas, the groups fed separately on phosphorus and potassium diet (LPPD) and low protein diet (LPD) containing 2% adenine and 1 ml/day gum Arabic (GA) / Kg body weight for each rat was taken orally (group 5 and 7) led to decrease in AST, ALT and ALP activities by the rates of 21.77, 17.49 and 30.55 and 18.01, 16.36 and 27.76%, respectively compared with control positive.
Data presented in Table (5) showed that the effects of low phosphorus and potassium diet (LPPD), low protein diet (LPD) and gum Arabic (GA) on sodium and potassium levels of rats suffering from chronic kidney disease.
Group (3): BD + 1 ml/day gum Arabic (GA) / Kg body weight for each rat+ 2 % adenine Group (4): Low phosphorus and potassium diet (LPPD) + 2 % adenine Group (5): LPPD + 1 ml/day gum Arabic (GA) / Kg body weight for each rat+2 % adenine Group (6): Low protein diet (LPD) +2 % adenine.
The key difference is that "eugenics" has been replaced by "maternal and infant health care" in the English translation of the LPPD. However, this does not necessarily signal substantive change as defenders of China's policies have long argued that Western criticism reflects a misunderstanding of the Chinese term yousheng, which is sometimes translated as "healthy birth" and sometimes as "eugenics".
When Article 11 of the LPPD was first enacted, provincial governments were just beginning to adopt regulations preventing certain categories of people from marrying and/or requiring them to be sterilised in order to gain permission to marry.
In 1993, three years after the LPPD was enacted, a draft national law on "eugenics and health protection" was presented to the Eighth National People's Congress.
Rates were expected to rise with increases in input costs (LPPI), demand for petroleum products (LPPD
), and increases in shipments through the Alaska pipeline (AK).