The bad news is that the Cardiff LSDG audits confirm Andraski's pessimistic characterization of current supply chain operations.
The results were measured by the host companies and audited by LSDG.
The four divisions established by LSDG (minimal control, some application of lean thinking and material flow, evidence of good practices, and world class exemplars) correspond to similar frameworks developed by other research groups.
Each level of the Stevens Framework can be seen as comparable to the four levels identified by LSDG.
The four levels created by LSDG also correspond to "The Supply Chain Maturity Model" developed by the consulting firm PETM and its benchmarking subsidiary, PMG.
Having classified the current state of supply chain performance, LSDG wanted to provide companies with a map for reducing uncertainty and improving supply chain performance.
In the course of their fieldwork, LSDG researchers developed a list of some of the typical supply chain problems that create each of the four types of uncertainty.