Here, relevant peer-reviewed scientific literature is reviewed to establish best-practice guidelines for the development of LTAD within women's rugby; more specifically, the evidence for a similar or altered LTPD structure for women's rugby in SA is reviewed.
There are no LTAD plans for women's rugby in any of the provinces.
As mentioned above, the LTAD or LTPD model was originally developed based on the concept of 'windows of trainability' --specific periods in a young athlete's life when he/she is uniquely sensitive to specific modes of training and capable of enhanced adaptation.
How other international unions have adapted the LTAD model for females
Among the 5 international unions described, only Canada, England and Ireland have blatantly structured their development programme according to Balyi and Hamilton's LTAD model.
The LTAD model seems less influential in the Australian and New Zealand developmental models and strategic plans.
In Canada, boys and girls play the same format of the game within each stage of the LTAD model.
Although the original Balyi and Hamilton  model proposes that males and females have separate LTAD models, this review highlights that there is no scientific evidence supporting this proposed structure.