LTODLietuvos Traumatologu Ortopedu Draugija (Lithuanian: Lithuania Traumatology Orthopedic Society)
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Identification of long-term oxygen dependence (LTOD) is one of the most commonly encountered respiratory problems in preterm infants, particularly in patients with a GA <32 weeks.
We recently conducted LUS examinations on 49 patients with BPD and found that LTOD was caused by inflammation, atelectasis, severe pulmonary edema, and coexisting consolidation in more than one-third of the infants enrolled in the study.
Although lung ultrasound helps differentiate causes of neonatal LTOD, diagnosing BPD with lung ultrasound is difficult; thus, how to diagnose BPD by ultrasound requires further study and represents our future research direction.