LVAW

AcronymDefinition
LVAWLeft Ventricular Anterolateral Wall
LVAWLeft Ventricle Anterior Wall
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References in periodicals archive ?
In this study, although the thickness of LVAW increased markedly in the rat model of cardiac hypertrophy induced by isoproterenol, the left ventricular function (represented by LVEF and LVFS) was maintained.
Abbreviations Rapa: Rapamycin mTOR: Mammalian target of rapamycin HW: Heart weight LVW: Left ventricle weight BW: Body weight LVEF: Left ventricular ejection fraction LVFS: Left ventricular fractional shortening LVAW: Left ventricular anterior wall LVPW: Left ventricular posterior wall RCR: Respiratory control rate ANF: Atrial natriuretic factor BNP: Brain natriuretic peptide MHC: Myosin heavy chain NF-[kappa]B: Nuclear factor-kappa B TEM: Transmission electron microscopy FBS: Fetal calf serum DMEM: Dulbecco Modified Eagle Medium TRITC: Tetraethyl rhodamine isothiocyanate TNF-[alpha]: Tumor necrosis factor-[alpha] TMRE: Tetramethylrhodamine ethyl ester PPAR: Peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor PGC-1[alpha]: PPAR[gamma] coactivator-1[alpha].
Consistently, echocardiographic analysis showed that Rapa reduced the isoproterenol-induced increases in the thicknesses of left ventricular anterior and posterior walls during systole (LVAWs, LVPWs) (LVAWs: 2.52 [+ or -] 0.21 versus 3.22 [+ or -] 0.20; P < 0.001 versus model; LVPWs: 2.80 [+ or -] 0.27 versus 3.22 [+ or -] 0.16; P < 0.05 versus model).
TABLE A1.B Indices of Fiscal and Monetary Discipline Country SI1 (a) SI3 (a) LVAW (b) LVESX (b) Belgium 0.34 0.18 0.20 0.08 Denmark 0.60 0.68 0.53 0.87 France 0.86 0.94 0.27 0.51 Germany 0.65 0.44 0.73 0.87 Greece 0.32 0.03 0.59 0.53 Ireland 0.34 0.31 0.48 0.80 Italy 0.25 0.38 0.29 0.20 Luxembourg 0.23 0.19 0.37 0.42 Netherlands 0.62 0.74 0.45 0.37 Portugal 0.40 0.30 0.44 0.37 Spain 0.31 0.28 0.27 0.25 United Kingdom 0.73 0.86 0.30 0.04 Mean 0.47 0.44 0.41 0.44 Standard deviation 0.21 0.29 0.16 0.29 Coefficient of variation 0.45 0.66 0.38 0.65 (a) SI1 and SI3 are IFD derived from the broad and narrow indices defined by H & H.
Notes: The construction details of the indices of CBI, LVAW, and LVESX are available in Cukierman, Webb, and Neyapti (1992) and Cukierman, Miller, and Neyapti (2002), respectively.
INTERACTION BETWEEN IFD AND CBI TABLE A3.A Average Values of CBI by Groups of IFD IFD SI1 SI3 Total Sample Indices of CBI High Low Average LVAW 0.456 (5) 0.377 (7) 0.410 (12) LVESX 0.532 (5) 0.247 (7) 0.443 (12) SI3 SI3 High Low LVAW 0.456 (5) 0.377 (7) 0.410 (12) LVESX 0.716 (5) 0.379 (7) 0.443 (12) TABLE A3.B Average Values of IFD by Groups of CBI Indices of CBI LVAW IFD High Low Total Sample Average SI1 0.692(5) 0.313(7) 0.471(12) LVESX High Low SI1 0.532(5) 0.379(7) 0.471(12)
But an LVAW spokesman said the plans would destroy the traditional village pub' They are very much social centres of the community,' he said.