It is also of some significance, since on the settlement of this issue would rest the definition of the land/sea terminus of the frontier between the states of India and Pakistan, as also the extent of Pakistan's Exclusive Economic Zone (EEZ) in terms of the International Law of the Sea Convention
. As things stand, Sir Creek region could very well qualify for the Guinness Book of Records as the most surveyed piece of territory ever.
They cite a ruling by the UN Arbitral Panel in 2016 that, under the Law of the Sea Convention
, China has no valid historical claim to the disputed islets.
to the Law of the Sea Convention
precedent (discussed in section D) and
In this book, international contributors in the international law of the sea, ocean resources, and international law examine the implications of the United Nations Law of the Sea Convention
(LOSC) and describe how it is implemented in Australia, Canada, China, Japan, Korea, Malaysia, Singapore, and Vietnam.
"These excessive maritime claims are inconsistent with international law as reflected in the Law of the Sea Convention
in that they purport to restrict the navigation rights that the United States and all states are entitled to exercise," Urban said in an emailed statement to (http://www.reuters.com/article/us-southchinasea-usa-china-idUSKCN0Y10DM?feedType=RSS&feedName=topNews&utm_source=twitter&utm_medium=Social) Reuters . "No claimants were notified prior to the transit, which is consistent with our normal process and international law."
In the case of Iran, the Islamic Republic claims that only countries that are "parties" to the UN Law of the Sea Convention
have the right of free passage through the Strait of Hormuz.
Barstenstein, 'The "Arctic Exception" in the Law of the Sea Convention
: A Contribution to Safer Navigation in the Northwest Passage?', Ocean Development and International Law, Vol.
Under the terms of the UN Law of the Sea Convention
, which entered into force in 1994, coastal states can claim sovereign rights over extended continental shelves, that is areas of the seabed that lie beyond 200 nautical miles from the coastal baseline.
State Department Task Force to the United Nations Law of the Sea Convention
and on the Mineral Advisory Committee to the Department of Commerce.
There are two main international conventions related to submarine cables; the 1884 Convention for the Protection of Submarine Telegraph Cables, which applies to the relatively small set of countries that were signatory to it, and the 1982 Law of the Sea Convention
(UNCLOS), which applies to the vast majority of countries.
In fact, the Law of the Sea Convention
provides for an extended continental shelf (ECS) beyond 200 nautical miles from a nation's coast and exclusive sovereign rights over the natural resources on and under the shelf (including gas and oil deposits) if certain criteria are met.
By signing and ratifying the Law of the Sea convention
thereafter, which was opened for signature in 1982, Ottawa became duty bound to afford innocent passage rights, free of prior consent/authorization requirements, to foreign flag holders transiting the Northwest Passage.