[3.] Choi, J., Partridge, W., Lance, M., et al., "Nature and spatial distribution of sulfur species in a sulfated barium-based commercial lean NOx trap
catalyst," Catalysis Today.
[10.] Kim, D., Yezerets, A., Li, J., et al., "Effect of sulfur loading on the desulfation chemistry of a commercial lean NOx trap
catalyst", Catalysis Today, (197):3-8, 2012, doi:10.1016/j.cattod.2012.05.040.
Three diesel passenger vehicles were tested: a VW Jetta, which used a lean NOx trap
to treat its emissions, and a BMW X5 and VW Passat, both of which used selective catalytic reduction exhaust systems.
et al., "Lean NOx Trap
Catalysis for Lean Natural Gas Engine Applications", 2007.
A next-generation clean diesel engine that will meet global emissions regulations without expensive NOx aftertreatments - urea selective catalytic reduction (SCR) or a Lean NOx Trap
(LNT) - thanks to the world's lowest diesel engine compression ratio of 14.0:1
"The opposite strategy of reducing NOx significantly with the aftertreatment would have meant either SCR (selective catalytic reduction) using urea as a reductant, or a lean NOx trap
"Microkinetic modeling of lean NOx trap
chemistry under reducing conditions," Catalysis Today 136(1), 104-120, 2008, doi: 10.1016/j.cattod.2007.12.117
Steward noted that potential projects include the development of emission-reduction devices and strategies, such as model-based controls, lean NOx trap
regeneration and control strategies with a flexible fuel and valve-actuation system engine.
et al., "Lean Gasoline Engine Reductant Chemistry During Lean NOx Trap
Regeneration," SAE Int.