LiNbO3Lithium Niobate
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The introduction of the small form factor XS modulator confirms Avanex's commitment to LiNbO3 technology enabling our customers to develop a new generation of smaller tunable transponders without compromising performance and reliability," said Ross Parke, Avanex's general manager of components business unit.
Avanex now offers both Z-cut and X-cut LiNbO3 modulators to provide high-performance modulation solutions in a wide range of fiber optic systems.
Key benefits of the Ultra-Low Drive F10-U LiNbO3 modulators include significant cost savings in the transponder bill of materials by allowing the customer to use standard drivers as well as reducing transponder power consumption.
Output power options range from -4 to 0 dBm and +3 to +6dBm, and the PowerReach(TM) transponder offers the flexibility of zero or selectable chirp LiNbO3 modulators and multiple C-band tunable laser options.
com Product description: Crystals, Ovens and SHG systems Non-linear crystals: BBO, KTP, CLBO, KD-P, LiNbO3, LiIO3, AgGaSe2 and more for SHG,SFG,DFG & OPO.
Transmission: PowerSource(TM) laser modules, PowerSense(TM) receiver modules, PowerBit(TM) and Power(TM)Log LiNbO3 (Lithium Niobate) modulators, PowerReach(TM) 300 PIN MSA transponders, PowerPort(TM) XFP transceivers, and PowerFlex(TM) receivers and transmitters suited to applications at 2.
It also features a zero-chirp LiNbO3 Mach-Zehnder modulator, high-sensitivity APD, along with mux/demux in a 300-pin MSA-compliant package measuring 3.
The transmitter integrates a full C-band continuous wave laser and an external Avanex LiNbO3 (Lithium Niobate) modulator.
By enabling the use of EA modulators in place of LiNbO3 modulators, the total solution power and cost is also reduced by approximately 30%.
The older types of optical switches are the LiNbO3 and SOA based switch whereas the newer types are among semiconductor switches that are based on Mach-Zehnder interferometers (MZI) or multimode interference couplers MMI.
Wang, suggest LiTaO3 and LiNbO3 may have potential as compact source of electrical power.