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LBWILow Birth Weight Infants
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"While human milk use has improved in the last decade among very low birth weight infants, there are considerable disparities by U.S..
RBC transfusions in very and extremely low birth weight infants under restrictive transfusion guidelines: is exogenous EPO necessary?
Higher versus lower protein intake in formula-fed low birth weight infants. Cochrane Database Syst Rev.
Formula versus donor breast milk for feeding preterm or low birth weight infants. Cochrane Database Sys Rev 2014; (4): CD002971.
Hintz et al., "Neurodevelopmental outcomes of extremely low birth weight infants with spontaneous intestinal perforation or surgical necrotizing enterocolitis," Journal of Perinatology, vol.
Kuban, "Hydration during the first days of life and the risk of bronchopulmonary dysplasia in low birth weight infants," Journal of Pediatrics, vol.
CS: Cesarean section EFW: Estimated fetal weight GA: Gestational age HC: Head circumference IUGR: Intrauterine growth restriction L: Length LBWI: Low birth weight infants NIDCAP: Newborn Individualized Developmental Care and Assessment Program NICU: Newborn Intensive Care Unit PROM: Premature rupture of the membrane SGA: Small for gestational age VD: Vaginal delivery VLBW: Very low birth weight W: Weight.
Methods: The prospective study was conducted between October and December 2012 at Al-Noor Speciality Hospital, Makkah, Saudi Arabia, and comprised low birth weight infants who were divided into three equal groups according to their birth weight: group A (low birthweight1501-2500gm), group B (very low birthweight1001-1500gm), and group C (extremely low birth weight less than 1000gm).
A study from Groote Schuur Hospital (Cape Town, SA) showed that the growth velocity (GV) of extremely low birth weight infants (<1 000 g at birth) in this unit was close to the internationally accepted norms.
The Partnership and its partner physicians, hospitals, medical schools, nurses, and certified nurse midwives have begun quality initiatives to improve the State's poor rates for pre-term birth, low birth weight and very low birth weight infants, primary C-sections, inductions, vaginal births after cesarean section (VBAC), and access and availability of obstetrical providers.