In addition, LRTAP
's standard setting takes into account the "co-benefits" of conventional air quality standards.
The Union has concluded that it is time for the LRTAP
Convention and UNEP, with the support of WMO and other relevant bodies, jointly to map out a common pathway to a more effective global framework for air pollution, providing integrated and cost effective systems for monitoring atmospheric changes, assessing issues and negotiating abatements strategies.
Canada was able to contribute significantly to the successful negotiation of the Protocol on POPs under the LRTAP
and the Stockholm Conventions.
(130) In the context of those PBTs whose primary means of release into the environment are via direct air pollution--dioxins and furans--there is little evidence to suggest that the United States ever considered itself bound by the original LRTAP
Convention to do anything in particular.
Hence, rather reluctantly, the Convention on Long-Range Transboundary Air Pollution (LRTAP
) was established in 1979 under the auspices of the United Nations Economic Commission for Europe (ECE), with a membership of most countries in Western and Eastern Europe (see Figure 2).
Most prominently, the parties to the UN ECE agreement on Long Range Transboundary Air Pollution (LRTAP
) agreed to negotiate a new protocol on POPs (and a separate protocol on heavy metals).(96) This negotiation recently concluded with an agreement that sets forth detailed obligations to reduce and, in some cases, eliminate the production, use and/or release of 16 POPs, including the 12 POPs identified in the global POPs negotiations.(97) The negotiators also developed a set of criteria for adding new substances to the regime in the future, and a base set of scientific data and other information relevant to work on POPs in other settings.
Specifically, the authors evaluate the regimes created for Europe in the 1979 Convention on Long-Range Transboundary Air Pollution (LRTAP
) and for North America in the 1980 Canadian-U.S.
The 1979 Convention on the Long-Range Transmission of Air Pollutants (henceforth called LRTAP
) in Europe was the first formal agreement on acid-rain-causing pollutants.
573 [hereinafter LRTAP
VOC Protocol]; Protocol to the 1979 Convention on Long-Range Transboundary Air Pollution, Oct.
European Union enmission inventory report 1990-2011 under the UNECE Convention on Long-range Transboundary Air Pollution (LRTAP
), Technical Report No.
is a cooperative framework treaty to which a series of binding