Out of the 109 respondents, 48 % (52) were district and village council leaders, 11% (12) were from the food and nutrition line ministries of MAAIF and MOH, 23% (25) were from other ministries and institutions represented on the ad hoc Uganda Food and Nutrition Council (UFNC), 12% (13) were Members of Parliament, and 6 % (7) were from the Judiciary.
In addition to the Ministry of Agriculture, Animal Industry and Fisheries (MAAIF) and the Ministry of Health (MOH) which are the food and nutrition line ministries, other institutions represented on the UFNC include the: Ministry of Gender, Labour, and Social Development (MGLSD); Ministry of Finance, Planning, and Economic Development (MFPED); Ministry of Education and Sports (MOES); Ministry of Local Government (MLG); Uganda National Bureau of Standards (UNBS); Ministry of Trade, Tourism and Industry (MTTI); the Plan for Modernization of Agriculture (PMA); Institutions of Higher Leaning; Civil Society Organisations (CSO); Farmers groups; and the Private Sector.
Despite the multi-sectoral approach recommended in the Uganda Food and Nutrition Policy of 2003, most duty bearers (63%) considered the Ministry of Agriculture, Animal Industry and Fisheries (MAAIF) as being responsible for the delays in adopting and implementing the relevant actions to ensure the right to adequate food in country.
Other information systems relevant for assessing the human right to adequate food in Uganda include the "Household Budget Survey" (HBS) conducted by the MFPED, "Early Warning and Food Information Systems" (EWFIS) conducted by the Gender and Early Warning Unit in the MAAIF, in coordination with the Meteorology Department and the Office of the Prime Minister (OPM).
Taking into context the specific roles played by the various ministries and institutions that are represented on the ad hoc Uganda Food and Nutrition Council (UFNC), the Ministry of Agriculture, Animal Industry, and Fisheries (MAAIF) and the Ministry of Health (MOH) are the lead institutions in the implementation of policies relevant to food and nutrition security in Uganda.
However, in this country whose economy is predominately agriculture-based with over 75% of workforce depending on small scale food production [9, 26], the MAAIF has continuously received less than 5% of the national budget allocations between the financial years 2000 and 2007 [26, 27, 28].
In view of the commitment to food and nutrition security and the right to food at international , regional , and national [2, 7] levels, the limited resource allocation to MAAIF demonstrates a lack of political will to prioritise the enhancement of effective food production and distribution systems as one among other means of ensuring stability in supply and access to adequate food as a human right in Uganda.