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MC4RMelanocortin 4 Receptor
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We believe this milestone moves us closer to delivering a treatment for numerous MC4R pathway-driven disorders of obesity.
The study drew on Farooqi's research into a gene, MC4R. She has probed it for 20 years, but for the opposite reason: to understand why some people are overweight, not why some are thin.
When the researchers looked in detail at the genetic variants in laboratory experiments, they found that MC4R can send signals through a pathway -- known as the beta-arrestin pathway -- that had not previously been linked to weight regulation.
The aim of our study was to investigate the association between FTO (rs9939609) and MC4R (rs17782313) polymorphisms as possible genetic factors in individual susceptibility to obesity.
The MC4R protein content in the PVN (Figure 6D and E) was similar between groups and genders.
Protein intake has been found to modify the effect of the MC4R gene on obesity-related traits, such as appetite and food craving [18].
On the other hand, 22 SNPs were exclusively related to a specific lipid--4 for TC: rs569805 (ABCB11), rs494874 (ABCB11), rs1801260 (CLOCK), andrs6013029 (CTNNBL1); 3 for LDL-c: rs7799039 (LEP), rs7498665 (SH2B1), and rs7359397 (SH2B1); 9 for HDL-c: rs2815752 (NEGR1), rs-2943641 (IRS1), rs2419621 (ACSL5), rs6265 (BDNF), rs110-30104 (BDNF), rs4769873 (ALOX5AP), rs9939609 (FTO), rs6567160 (MC4R), and rs2287019 (QPCTL); and 6 for TG: rs324420 (FAAH), rs2959272 (PPARG), rs1386835 (PPARG), rs709158 (PPARG), rs1175540 (PPARG), rs1800544 (ADRA2A) (Figure 1).
Garcia-Solis P, Reyes-Bastidas M, Flores K, Garcia OP, Rosado JL, Mendez-Villa L, Garcia-G C, Garcia-Gutierrez D, Kuri-Garcia A, Hernandez-Montiel HL, Soriano-Leon O, Villagran-Herrera ME, Solis-Sainz JC (2016) Fat mass obesity-associated (FTO) (rs9939609) and melanocortin 4 receptor (MC4R) (rs17782313) SNP are positively associated with obesity and blood pressure in Mexican school-aged children.
Several genes are known to affect meat quality through different roles in meat quality characteristics: the ryanodine receptor 1 (RYR1) [2], liver fatty acid-binding protein (L-FABP) [3], obesity-associated (FTO) gene [4], melanocortin receptor type 4 (MC4R) gene [5,6], POU1F1 [7-9], and protein kinase, AMP-activated and gamma 3 non-catalytic subunit (PRKAG3) [10 -12].