Indigenous knowledge (IK) holders and Western scientists working in the PAD have observed a drying trend in recent decades, but direct impacts to ecosystems and ways of life can be difficult to describe in terms that seem actionable or resonate with managers and decision makers (e.g., Candler et al, 2010; MCFN, 2014).
To Indigenous people in the PAD, muskrat provide food, material for clothing, income, and a deep link to their culture, landscape, and ecosystem that cannot easily be expressed in Western terms (see Fuller; 1950; Tanner and Rigney, 2003; ACFN and MCFN, 2010; McCormack, 2011).
ACFN and MCFN (Athabasca Chipewyan First Nation and Mikisew Cree First Nation).
Candler, C., Olson, R., DeRoy, S., the Firelight Group Research Cooperative, with the Athabasca Chipewyan First Nation (ACFN), and the Mikisew Cree First Nation (MCFN).
Under the terms of the agreement, MCFN will pay 14.7% of the actual capital cost of the East Tank Farm Development once the assets become operational, which is currently anticipated to be in the second quarter of 2017.
"We are very excited that MCFN has joined us as a partner in the East Tank Farm Development," said Mark Little, executive vice president, Upstream, Suncor.
MCFN's 14.7% share of the actual capital cost of the East Tank Farm Development is currently anticipated to be approximately $147 million which will be payable to Suncor upon closing.
Revenue from the long-term terminaling services agreements with the Fort Hills partners will underpin MCFN's independent financing of the transaction.
According to MCFN
, its equity interest is in addition to the 34.3% equity interest announced earlier in September.
The Agreement states that the MCFN is committed to principals of economic sustainability and growth for its members, environmental stewardship and self-determination in respect of MCFN lands and resources and wishes to establish a cooperative and respectful long-term relationship with both AuRico and Carlisle .
The Agreement also states that the parties agree that it is their common objective to assist MCDC and MCFN members to benefit from business opportunities associated with Exploration Activities undertaken by the LLJV and that assuming the Feasibility Study is positive, the Parties commit to make best efforts to develop an Impact Benefit Agreement (IBA) consistent with this Exploration Agreement.
(10.) Martins MCFN
. A Transicao Estudante-Fonoaudiologo: Estudo Qualitativo sobre a Vivencia dos primeiro Atendimentos [tese].