Jones, the former Marine commandant who established the program in 2000, MCMAP is "a natural extension" of the Corps credo, "Every Marine a rifleman.
All 173,000 active-duty Marines and 58,000 reservists--everybody from the commandant down to the newest recruit, male and female alike--are required to receive the MCMAP training.
MCMAP borrows from systems developed in many Asian countries, including Japan, Korea and Thailand, he said.
In contrast, MCMAP "is a weapons-based martial art," Bourgault said.
Unlike some traditional martial arts, MCMAP does not involve intricate, dance-like movements or attention-getting techniques--such as breaking tiles with your bare hands--Bourgault said.
MCMAP is the most recent form of close-combat training for the Marines, but they have engaged in hand-to-hand fighting since their earliest days.
The first--martial arts instructor, Military Occupational Specialty 8551--must be a corporal or above who successfully completes a MCMAP course.