In contrast, the MCRL was an all-Canadian project, with eight manned and 90 unmanned radar stations that stretched across the 55th parallel from Dawson Creek, BC, to Hopedale, Labrador.
A PCB spill at MCRL Site 415 was the first documented case of PCB contamination associated with the abandoned MCRL sites.
These types of initiatives can be directly evaluated with respect to the Fort Albany case, as many of them are reflected in the Mid-Canada Line Principles Paper (MCL Working Groups, 1998) and the MCRL Memorandum of Understanding (OMNR and Fort Albany FN, 2000).
We use this framework (Table 1) to evaluate from an Aboriginal perspective the partnership between FN organizations and government agencies for remediation of MCRL Site 050.
The community is made up of three areas connected by a gravel road system: the mainland; Sinclair Island, which contains the village proper; and Anderson Island, where the abandoned MCRL Site 050 was located (Fig.
To fully comprehend the dynamics of the case study and the partnership that existed between the Fort Albany FN and the other organizations involved in the cleanup and remediation of MCRL Site 050, some background on the fate of the site after it was "decommissioned" is needed.
The 98 MCRL sites were in operation until 1965, when they were deemed redundant for both strategic and economic reasons (ESG, 1999a; Thorne, 2003).
One objective of the MCRL remediation process in Ontario was for "First Nations in the area [to] capture a reasonable share [of] the business and training opportunities associated with the clean-up" (Hunter, 1998:3).
Initial delineation of MCRL Site 050 revealed extremely high concentrations of polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs): up to 21000 ppm in soil and up to 550 ppm in vascular plants.
It follows that safety measures would be required for any person working in contaminated MCRL sites.
Safety measures for FN personnel preparing MCRL Site 050 for Phase 2 of delineation included wearing appropriate respirators (AO Safety, PA-55500 respirator, RC-R53HE-P100 cartridge), goggles, gloves, and disposable, full-body suits (North Safety, CT-5005-2X; these throwaway coveralls were changed daily).