CDSE-SF scores significantly and positively correlated with MEIM
scores (r = .
Analysis of variance demonstrated that Non-Participants indeed scored higher on the MEIM
(M = 22.
TABLE 1 Descriptive Statistics for Survey Instruments Used to Assess Study Variables Survey Variable PR N M SD [alpha] Instrument Measured MEIM
Ethnic identity 1-5 373 1.
TABLE 1 Means, Standard Deviations, and Cronbach Alphas for Survey Instruments Survey Instrument Variable Measured MEIM
Ethnic identity AMAS English subscale English competence Spanish subscale Spanish competence US Cultural Identity Acculturation subscale MochihuaTepehuani Internalized racism EPRI Perceived racism (interpersonal) PEDQ-CV Media subscale Perceived racism (in the media) Survey Instrument Range M SD [alpha] MEIM
Table 1: Mean ethnic and Australian cultural identity scores for two subgroups of 22 Exploring and Committing and 12 Exploring without Committing students Group mean rating (standard deviation) Biculturally Exploring MEIM
items and Committing Commitment items: I understand what membership of .
It is encouraging to learn that both urban and reservation youth in our study are maintaining strong ethnic identity as both have similar MEIM
scale addresses the general aspects of ethnic identity by focusing on components that are common across all ethnic groups: self identification as a group member, a sense of belonging, behaviors unique to that group, and a feeling of pride due to group achievement (Phinney 1990).
Phinney (1992) used these conceptual dimensions to build the MEIM
Reliability estimates for the MEIM
ethnic identity scale have ranges between .
We have chosen to use the Phinney's MEIM
(Multigroup Ethnic Identity Measure) (Phinney, 1992).
consists of two component scales: Ethnic Identity (EI) and Other-Group Orientation (OGO).
is a 20-item measure of acculturation that utilizes a 7-point Likert scale ranging from Strongly Agree to Strongly Disagree.