Stanton, the Aberdare miners' agent and, after 1912, a SWMF delegate to the MFGB
, on the other hand, had been the quintessential young man in a hurry, noted for his fiery and uncompromising approach.
In this book, 10 writers contribute perceptive articles on the period from 1910, when the MFGB affiliated with the Labour Party, to the immediate post-World War II era, when the coal industry was nationalized and the National Union of Mineworkers (NUM) founded.
Welsh miners, molded by their studies at labor colleges, had a powerful national influence with their emphasis on local tradition, the lodges, and the practice of "ultra democracy." In the politics of the MFGB, David Howell stresses that the Federation remained factionalized, as left and right wings asserted their interests.
But the real situation in the coal industry was marked by unemployment, an employers' offensive, an MMM in retreat and a weakened MFGB. Horner's continued insistence on 'total war' in 1927 and 1928 reflected the CPGB's and the Comintern's logic.
The MFGB was weak and divided, the CPGB was negligible--and also divided in this telling.
Despite the loss of support from the TUC, the miners continued with the strike, but regional differences and a lack of centralized control in the MFGB, along with a lack of support from transport unions, thwarted their progress.
In their brief prologue, the editors explain that the MFGB survived the 1926 lockout, despite its defeat, and went on to engage in further militancy from the mid-1930s.
Yet the subsequent eclipse of Mabon's authority, which had as much to do with the dilution of a distinctly Welsh culture that he represented by large-scale immigration into the increasingly industrialised Valleys, led, in the weeks following the end of the 1898 strike to the various local unions banding together to form the federation, which affiliated to the MFGB
a few months later.