These models demonstrate that several patient and caregiver attributes predict mFIM scores at baseline.
In these models, the dependent level-2 variable becomes time, and each of the person-level covariates are regressed on time, which represents recovery (mFIM scores) over time.
Results from model 3 indicate that no racial/ethnic differences exist in the recovery of motor function over time as measured by mFIM. Puerto Rican stroke survivors show better growth over time when controlling for patient demographics and caregiver network characteristics, as well as in the full model, model 7.
For African Americans and Puerto Ricans, unadjusted 24-month mFIM scores are lower than baseline scores.
Baseline mFIM scores were significantly higher for African Americans than Caucasians in our sample when we adjusted for caregiver factors.