Although not officially a part of the START II agreement, under terms of the Lisbon Protocol, all nuclear weapons and strategic offensive arms were to be removed from the territories of Ukraine, Kazakhstan, and Belarus.(27) Also, elimination of heavy and MIRVed
ICBMs was formalized.
Solid rocket technology--like other technical assistance Lockheed supplied the Chinese--is critical in helping the Chinese develop multiple independently targeted reentry vehicles, or MIRVs
. The rockets can be adapted to guide clusters of nuclear warheads launched on a single missile.
Some reports indicate that it can carry a mirved
(19) In addition, it is building new land-based RS-12M1/2 Topol-M intercontinental ballistic missiles (ICBM) with a multiple reentry vehicle (MIRV
So, to create credible but minimum deterrence at the start of year 2017, Pakistan tested multiple independently reentry targetable vehicle (MIRV
), which can deliver multiple nuclear warheads in one go.
On its part Pakistan has tested its newly-developed Babur-III (SLCM) and the Ababeel (MIRV
), which has multiple independently-targetable re-entry vehicle (MIRV
(14) The United States and Soviet Union had each begun their MIRV
They would manufacture more sophisticated multiple striking weapons such as independently targetable re-entry vehicles (MIRV
), advance cruise missiles, laser weapons to hit satellites, etc.
Moreover, Agni-VI will be a four-stage ICBM and it is expected to have Multiple Independently Targetable Reentry Vehicle (MIRV
) as well as Maneuverable Reentry Vehicle (MaRV) - once the process of hardware development is completed.
"If that missile train hosts the DF-41 ICBM it means it will also have a MIRV
potential," Karber told the Free Beacon.
Moscow has said it intends to accelerate production to 20 or 30 per year--though it has yet to do so--and has said that it could MIRV
them with three warheads per missile.
Former Air Marshal (retd) Muhammad Ashfaque Arain believe that, "Ababeel (Multiple Independently Targetable Reentry Vehicle-(MIRV
) capable of delivering multiple nuclear warheads) is an answer to Indiaas modern air defense systems" (Arain, 2018).