Faced with this situation, the international community intervened initially by sending in an inter-African peace-keeping force (MISAB
), then a United Nations force (MINURCA), and in the last few months by setting up a United Nations peace-building office (BONUCA).
In Africa, there are several examples of humanitarian intervention by regional actors (e.g., ECOWAS in Liberia, Sierra Leone, and Guinea-Bissau, MISAB
in the Central African Republic (CAR), and SADC in Lesotho) and the United Nations (e.g., Liberia, Somalia, Rwanda, Sierra Leone and CAR).
In the face of domestic pressure over interventions on behalf of the unpopular Patasse, the French government created and funded the Mission Internationale de Surveillance des Accords de Bangui (MISAB), a peacekeeping force formed of francophone troops from Chad, Burkina Faso, Gabon, Mali, Senegal, and Togo.
Another violent mutiny followed in which 50 people were killed in the crossfire between mutineers, MISAB troops, and French helicopter-gunships.
Despite its rocky performance, MISAB was seen by the French as a model for inter-African peacekeeping co-operation.