The National Highway Traffic SafetyAdministration (NHTSA) has estimated that MLDA
laws save approximately 900 lives a year in traffic fatalities alone [5,98,137,208].
MLTPA laws are also quite similar to the minimum legal drinking age (MLDA
) laws since both policies restrict access based on a predetermined age cutoff.
mortality Fonicki et al., 2007; Measure interdependence between USA, 48 US states; impacts of MLDA
and tax using all 1975-2001 age-group-specific models and fixed effects model accounting for cross- sectional and time series variation; data from FARS; MI: MVF, MLDA
, beer tax.
The Federal Uniform Drinking Age Act (FUDAA), signed by President Ronald Reagan on July 17, 1984, threatened to withhold highway construction funds from states that failed to increase their minimum legal drinking age (MLDA
) to 21 by October 1, 1986.
In 1984, President Ronald Reagan signed the Federal Uniform Drinking Age Act, a law that threatened to withhold federal highway funds from states that failed to increase their minimum legal drinking age (MLDA
) to 21.
According to these organizations, undoing the current minimum legal drinking age (MLDA
) laws would likely do little, if anything, to reduce problematic drinking behaviors on college campuses.
Grayson and I part company is in her call to return the minimum legal drinking age (MLDA
) to 18.
The efficacy of this model was first observed in studies examining the effects of the minimum legal drinking age (MLDA
): Substantial reductions in alcohol use and in automobile accidents were observed in states that adopted the higher MLDA
Consequently, there are various regulations imposed by the authorities to lower excessive alcohol consumption, such as excise taxes, Minimum Legal Drinking Age (MLDA
) Laws, maximum Blood Alcohol Content (BAC) thresholds, hours of sale, etc.
Based on this approach, we modeled the hypothetical impact of the following three effective and cost-effective alcohol policy interventions relative to baseline (aggregate) costs obtained from the Second Canadian Cost Study (Rehm et al., 2006; 2007): (a) lowering the blood alcohol concentration (BAC) legal limit from 0.08% to 0.05% (a measure supported by the Canadian Medical Association (Canadian Medical Association, 2002); (b) introducing a zero BAC restriction for all drivers under the age of 21 (i.e., up to the day before their 21st birthday); and (c) increasing the minimum legal drinking age (MLDA
) from 19 to 21 years.
Alcohol regulation in the United States is exemplified by the minimum legal drinking age (MLDA