Barangays Bagong Tanyag, Bagumbayan (except MLQ
, Mahogany, Adia, Holy Family), Central Bicutan (except Chavez, Diaz, Estante, Ganchero, Villa, Manalili, Deano, Daang Hari, Opao, Reyes, Mc Intyre, San Felipe, San Juan, San Diego) Hagonoy (except Dreamland), Lower Bicutan, Parts of New Lower Bicutan (except Marinduque, Magsaysay, Sta.
To measure the leadership, style a multi-factor questionnaire (1994 MLQ
) was used.
This study used two items within the MLQ
(Form-5x short) to measure the individual's level of satisfaction with their group leader.
On the other hand, in their extensive meta-analytical review of works that have used the MLQ
scale of transformational leadership, Lowe, Kroeck, and Sivasubramanian (1996) analyzed the moderation effect of certain organizational aspects, and concluded that the organization's legal type, whether it is public or private, influences the occurrence of transformational leadership and its effectiveness in terms of promoting positive employee attitudes.
Las dimensiones del liderazgo que conforman el modelo MLQ
de Bass y Avolio, se definen de la siguiente manera (Bono y Judge, 2004 y Mendoza, 2005):
Table 2: Summary Statistics for Transformational Leadership-Gender wise (Average Scores per factor of the MLQ
What are the leadership styles (transformational, transactional and laissez-faire), as measured by the Multifactor Leadership Questionnaire (MLQ
) Form 5X-Short, of the campus principals and divisional directors of a public university in Pakistan as perceived by the faculty?
This study used four items within the MLQ
(Form-5x) to measure the individual's levels of perception of their group leader's effectiveness.
Section B comprised of 45-item Multifactor Leadership Questionnaire (MLQ
5X rater form) based on 5 points (0-4) Likert scale.
The literature suggests that individual traits reflecting the FRLM can be measured using the MLQ
. This is a scientifically validated assessment mechanism for determining individuals' development levels in each of the FRLM behaviors depicted above.
There were 24 questions of Psychological Capital Questionnaire, and 16 questions of Psychological Ownership Questionnaire, and 45 questions of Multifactor Leadership Questionnaire (MLQ
Research has demonstrated that MLQ
scores are reliable and stable and has supported the convergent and discriminant validity of the MLQ