The above figures could be compared to estimated average figures for PFM established by NGOs costing in the order of 22.5 US$/ha and by local government about 13.3 US$/ha (LTS, MNRT et al.
LTS INTERNATIONAL, MNRT, UN-REDD and UNIQUE FORESTRY 2012.
The authors acknowledge the financial support and cooperation received from Climate Change Impact, Mitigation and Adaptation (CCIAM), a Royal Norwegian Sponsored Program at Sokoine University of Agriculture, Morogoro, Tanzania, and the Ministry of Natural Resources and Tourism (MNRT), Forestry and Beekeeping Division (FBD), Tanzania.
 MNRT, National Forestry Resources Monitoring and Assessment (NAFORMA) of Tanzania, Field Manual, Biophysical Survey, Ministry of Natural Resources & Tourism, Dar Es Salaam, Tanzania, 2010.
 MNRT, "Participatory Forest Management in Tanzania, Facts and Figures," United Republic of Tanzania Ministry of Natural Resources and Tourism, Forestry and Beekeeping Division, Dar Es salaam, Tanzania, 2008.
 MNRT, Lessons Learned from Logging Boom in Southern Tanzania, Ministry of Natural Resources and Tourism, Forestry Governance and National Development, TRAFFIC, 2007.
International tourist arrivals in Tanzania, for example, grew by about 700% from 79,020 in 1970 (Sadler and Archer 1975) to 627,325 in 1999 (MNRT
The receiver position is then determined using the Lineaization technique, Bancroft algorithm and also by the proposed MNRT
. The results are summarized below.
Major organization : MINISTRY OF NATURAL RESOURCES AND TOURISM (MNRT
According to government statistics, 14.3 million ha of this forestland was found within gazetted Forest Reserves whilst around 2 million ha was found in Game Reserves or National Parks (MNRT 2008).
14 of 2002 (URT 2002), and in regulations and guidelines for Community Based Forest Management (CBFM) and Joint Forest Management (JFM) (MNRT 2003, 2008).
The second dataset is derived from the Tanzanian national PFM database on the names, areas, year of establishment, which was developed in 2006 and updated in 2008 (MNRT 2008).