MOWCAMaritime Organisation of West and Central Africa
MOWCAMinistry of Women and Children Affairs
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Ignoring the work already done in developing the MOWCA MoU, simply because it has been signed by the ministers of transport (and not a "higher" department) would be a mistake.
*** MOWCA (Ministry of Women and Children Affairs) (2011), The Women Development Policy 2011.
MOWCA comprises 20 coastal and five landlocked countries from Mauritania to Angola.
In July 2008, through a Memorandum of Understanding, MOWCA established a Sub-Regional Integrated Coast Guard Network in West and Central Africa, (120) aimed at combating piracy and armed robbery; enhancing maritime safety, security, and search and rescue; and marine environmental protection in the coastal waters.
The African Union and regional organizations like MOWCA or SADC would then be able to apply not only political oversight in goading members slowly into action but fiscal control--to stimulate implementation and, coupled with routine inspections, ensure honest practice.
Both the Djibouti Code of Conduct and MOWCA's Gulf of Guinea Coast Guard network agreement call for combined maritime patrols to enforce international and African maritime laws.
Second Regional Model: Maritime Organization of West and Central Africa (MOWCA) and the 2006 Memorandum of Understanding
Created in 1975 and headquartered in Abidjan, Cote D'Ivoire, the Maritime Organization of West and Central Africa (MOWCA) has established an unremarkable record over the first few decades of its existence.
In 2006, MOWCA conducted a forum in Dakar that led to the development of a functional Memorandum of Understanding on the establishment of a sub-regional coast guard network for the west and central African regions in July 2008.
The successes of MOWCA and the Cooperative Mechanism illustrate how multilateral institutions can serve as a basis for meaningful cooperative responses to maritime piracy.
According to Hossain (1988), MOWCA (1995) and Solaiman (1988) the participation of women in the labour force is marginally higher in the technologically developed villages and is significantly higher for the landless and small farmer groups.
Peterside who is also the Director-General of the Nigerian Maritime Administration and Safety Agency (NIMASA) assured the Secretary-General of MOWCA that AAMA on its part will continue to champion the course of revitalizing the African maritime sector through various forms of collaboration and will support MOWCA since both bodies have similar objectives and shared vision of realizing a prosperous Africa through its maritime resources.