MOWMMarch on Washington Movement
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[London: Routledge, 2007]) As David Lucander argues, MOWM's significance does not solely rest on the release of Executive Order (EO) 8802.
In Chapter 2, Lucander writes about MOWM's growth and relations with progressive groups.
Louis MOWM and the FEPC Region IX office, which covered St.
Chapter 5 deals with the role MOWM women played in protests to desegregate public utilities.
Lucander finishes with an assessment of MOWM. Besides the 1963 March on Washington for Jobs and Freedom, its legacy was the desegregation of the armed forces, the creation of numerous state-level FEPCs, and the creation of federal affirmative action programs, MOWM opened a new front in the war for democracy: sustained state intervention--albeit limited--in the work world.
Philip Randolph, president of the Brotherhood of Sleeping Car Porters, for a march on Washington to press his demand for an end to discrimination in war-related industries, and for desegregation of the armed services, Lawson wrote, "Though this proposal had the endorsement of established black groups such as the NAACP, the MOWM [March on Washington Movement] derived its power from the black masses rather than middle-class reformers, who generally worked for change through the courts and legislature" (3) The truth is that the involvement of the black masses was never more than a threat.
Bates also argues that the new style of politics "flowed from grass-roots networks to the boardrooms of national black organizations and then back again." (7) During World War II, the new militant tactics first practiced by the BSCP exploded on the national scene with Randolph's March On Washington Movement (MOWM), which sought to end racial discrimination in defence industries.
She has retrieved the important role of key players such as the Ladies' Auxiliary, the NNC, and the MOWM.