All patients were identified to have MPFL
injury and underwent MPFL
The aim of the study is to evaluate the overall outcome, both subjective and objective, of Medial Patellofemoral Ligament (MPFL
) reconstruction in cases of recurrent patellar dislocations.
It was a combined procedure including lateral retinacular release (LRR), double-bundle medial patellofemoral ligament (MPFL
) reconstruction, and a vastus medialis tenoplasty according to the Krogius technique.
Advances in the understanding of the biomechanical importance of the MPFL
have led to an increase in repair and reconstruction of this structure.
The medial patellofemoral ligament (MPFL
) is the primary stabilizer of the patella, and biomechanical studies indicated that it accounts for 53% - 67% of the total medial restraining force preventing lateral patellar dislocation.
Since it replicates the medial patellofemoral ligament's native shape, MPFL
reconstruction generally provides the best possible stability in both knee flexion and extension.
is the most important patellar stabilizer in full extension.
As the MPFL
is operating in a unique true-to-life environment, the facility is designed to help increase the accuracy of future multiphase flow meters, as well as the efficiency of future multiphase separators.
This layer contains the medial patellofemoral ligament (MPFL
), which has been the subject of many recent studies and multiple reconstructive and repair techniques.
There are currently several surgical options to correct the abnormal anatomy of patellar dislocation: proximal realignment (such as lateral retinaculum release) [9, 10], vastus medialis advancement [9,10], medial transfer of the tibial tuberosity [9, 10], medial patellofemoral ligament (MPFL
) reconstruction , trochleoplasty , and combinations of these surgical techniques.