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"MPIU investigations are now launched almost automatically, yet the essence of the investigation mechanism remains unchanged."
The MPIU launched an investigation into 23 of these fatalities (which occurred in 19 incidents), but the MAG Corps, the Military Advocate General Corps for the Israeli, which is tasked with ensuring that the military adheres to Israeli and international law, has made a decision in only five of those incidents.
The military debriefings and MPIU investigations focus on specific cases.
The IDF Spokesperson's Office then published an official response stating that 27 MPIU investigations into Operation Cast Lead were currently under way, and that in 45 additional cases that were examined by operational personnel, no further investigation was required.
In some of the cases, several eye-witnesses have given testimony to MPIU investigators who met them at Erez Checkpoint.
MPIU, which is the only body currently investigating Operation Cast Lead, has no authority to investigate the responsibility of decision-makers outside the military who were involved in policy setting.
In the past, MPIU investigations have proven to be an inefficient tool for enforcing the law on security forces, at least as regards infringement of Palestinians' rights.
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