The previous schemes can be categorized as being either MPTCP improvement schemes or MPTCP variant schemes.
In this section, we introduce MPTCP and two representative implementations of it, and point out the problems that are encountered in HBDP networks.
As an extension of TCP, MPTCP is compatible with applications, and it never needs to make too many modifications for traditional TCP sockets to achieve application layer transparency.
By adopting a multi-homing structure, MPTCP is considered to be a promising transmission technology, which can meet the requirements for specific Quality of Services (QoS) and balance real-time task utilization rate in network resources [9, 10].
In addition to MPTCP and eLAA, which use unlicensed spectrum in hotspots, SK Telecom is also concentrating on further LTE-Advanced Pro technology development based on new frequency bands to deliver faster data rate than competitors while mobile with wider coverage areas.
Jin Hyo Park, head of network technology at SK Telecom said, "A flexible combination between licensed and unlicensed spectrum is necessary to enable high quality massive 5G service." He added, "We will lead the network innovation towards LTE-A Pro and 5G including combining licensed and unlicensed spectrum technologies such as eLAA and MPTCP."
He added, We will lead the network innovation towards LTE-A Pro and 5G including combining licensed and unlicensed spectrum technologies such as eLAA and MPTCP
His research focuses on 5G networks, IoT, and MPTCP
Then, MPMTP-AR is compared with MPTCP
by actual tests.
Keywords: multipath congestion control, MPTCP
, multimedia streaming, fairness, load balancing
is an extension to TCP, allowing the use of multiple interfaces for concurrently scheduling packets across multiple independent end-to-end paths, without requiring any modification or addition to the applications and still being compatible on today's Internet .
We use four different routing schemes in the example, which are SPT, ECMP, MPTCP
and the optimal routing scheme, respectively.