The fishery in the Aleutian Islands started as a foreign fishery mostly targeting Pacific ocean perch, Sebastes alutus; and Atka mackerel, Pleurogrammus monopterygius, but beginning in 1976 it transitioned to a domestic fleet with the adoption of the MSFCMA
and the 200-nmi Exclusive Economic Zone (EEZ).
Complying with MSFCMA
mandates has been difficult in the fishery for reef fishes in the northern Gulf of Mexico (GOM) because of high fishing effort and the diversity of fisheries that target reef fishes or catch them as nontargeted bycatch (Coleman et al., 2004; Hanson and Sauls, 2011; Cowan et al., 2011).
Congress last reauthorized and extensively amended the Magnuson-Stevens Fishery Conservation and Management Act (MSFCMA
) in the 109th Congress (P.L.
Shortly after the MSFCMA
passed in 1976, the Mid-Atlantic Fishery Management Council started work on a shark fishery management plan but stopped owing to inadequate information.
Beyond state jurisdiction and out to 200 miles, the federal government manages fisheries under the MSFCMA
through eight regional fishery management councils.
to amend the MSFCMA
to modify requirements for the appointment and
's Essential Fish Habitat mandate provides a policy framework for identifying the effects of reduced freshwater inflows on estuarine-dependent species.
Among the several provisions promulgated under Magnuson-Stevens Conservation and Management Act (MSFCMA
) [section] 303(b)(8) is the mandate for Federal permit holders to have a current Commercial Fishing Vessel Safety Examination decal prior to the selection period for mandatory observer coverage.
(2) The Magnuson-Stevens Fishery Conservation and Management Act (MSFCMA
or MSA) was originally enacted as the Fishery Conservation and Management Act (FCMA) of 1976 (P.L.
Preparation and passage of the Fishery Conservation and Management Act of 1976 (now the Magnuson-Stevens Fishery Conservation and Management Act or MSFCMA
, also referred to as the MSA (2)) led to efforts to gather social data and to carry out impact analysis specifically for fisheries (OSU, 1978; Acheson et al., 1980).
Reduction of marine fisheries bycatch is central to several of the NMFS's governing statutes, including the Magnuson-Stevens Fishery Conservation and Management Act (MSFCMA
), the Endangered Species Act (ESA), and the Marine Mammal Protection Act (MMPA).
Government-industry cooperative fisheries research in the north Pacific under MSFCMA