Use of cutoffs for mid-upper arm circumference (MUAC
) as an indicator or predictor of nutritional and health-related outcomes in adolescents and adults: a systematic review.
has been used for many decades to assess malnutrition in children aged <5 years.
: With the bent arm, a flexible measuring tape was wrapped around the mid-upper arm (midpoint of the arm between the shoulder and the tip of the elbow)
 by observing for bilateral pitting oedema and/or MUAC
<115 mm and/or Weight-for-Height/Length (Z-score) below -3SD and/or visible wasting among 6-59 months and in infants <6 months also by noticing feeble to suckle effectively.
In most of the cases, 280 (80%) subjects were presenting MUAC
< 11.5 cm, while most of the control subjects [249 (71.1%)1 showed MUAC
> 13.5 cm.
A baseline survey of 1840 households was carried out in the study area to identify severely malnourished children using MUAC
. The baseline survey screened for all children aged 6-23 months with a MUAC
less than 115mm.
Mid-Upper Arm Circumference (MUAC
) measurements were compared with WHO cut off points.
(18,19) The mid upper arm circumference (MUAC
) is an important measurement which is often used for the assessment among pre-school children.
Controversy regarding MUAC
concerns the fluctuation in body fluids caused by physiologic changes; however, there is reported strong correlation between MUAC
values with BMI in men while cut-off point MUAC
<23.3cm provide reasonable correlation with BMI in women .
The mid-upper arm circumference (MUAC
) was determined in triplicate, using a measuring tape, to determine eligibility for the NTP food supplementation.