Lograsso, "6% magnetic-field-induced strain by twin-boundary motion in ferromagnetic Ni-Mn-Ga," Applied Physics Letters, vol.
Allen, "Phenomenology of giant magnetic-field-induced strain in ferromagnetic shape-memory materials (invited)," Journal of Applied Physics, vol.
Ullakko, "Giant magnetic-field-induced strain in NiMnGa seven-layered martensitic phase," Applied Physics Letters, vol.
 observed a magnetic-field-induced strain of 0.2% in 1996, large field-induced strain of 9.5% has been achieved in Ni-Mn-Ga single crystal , which is much greater than those of magnetostrictive, piezoelectric, or electrostrictive.
The behaviors of magnetic shape memory alloys, such as magnetic-field-induced strain, pseudoelastic response, and other properties, have been studied experimentally in the literature.
Kokorin, "Large magnetic-field-induced strains in [Ni.sub.2] MnGa single crystals," Applied Physics Letters, vol.