M-SFCMA

(redirected from Magnuson-Stevens Fishery Conservation and Management Act)
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AcronymDefinition
M-SFCMAMagnuson-Stevens Fishery Conservation and Management Act
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Congress last reauthorized and extensively amended the Magnuson-Stevens Fishery Conservation and Management Act (MSFCMA) in the 109th Congress (P.L.
The amended Magnuson-Stevens Fishery Conservation and Management Act passed by Congress in 1996 ordered the NMFS and its eight regional councils to describe and identify "essential fish habitat" in each of 39 existing fishery management plans.
The framework for managing federal fisheries lies within the Magnuson-Stevens Fishery Conservation and Management Act (Magnuson-Stevens Act), which is currently undergoing reauthorization and the subject of intense national debate with regard to several critical provisions which will guide federal fisheries management over the next several years.
In the United States, where one in four federally managed stocks are dangerously depleted, Congress should strengthen the Magnuson-Stevens Fishery Conservation and Management Act, the primary law governing fishing in U.S.
For example, within the United States' Exclusive Economic Zone, (35) the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration's ("NOAA") Fisheries Service and the Regional Fishery Management Councils administer the Magnuson-Stevens Fishery Conservation and Management Act (fish); (36) NOAA's Office of Protected Resources applies the Marine Mammal Protection Act (marine mammals) (37) and the Endangered Species Act (endangered fish, mammals, and seabirds); (38) the Department of the Interior's Minerals Management Service implements the Outer Continental Shelf Lands Act (oil, gas, and seabed minerals); (39) and the Environmental Protection Agency enforces the Clean Water Act (sea water).
Wyden said he would block the bill reauthorizing the Magnuson-Stevens Fishery Conservation and Management Act until the Senate considers steps to help fishermen in Oregon and California survive the fishing season.
To be fair, many of the governing statutes, such as the Magnuson-Stevens Fishery Conservation and Management Act of 1996 ("MSFCMA"), include language calling for the protection of ecosystems, but in operation, fishery management is overwhelmingly focused on fishery yield, which is a provisioning service.
(21.) See Magnuson-Stevens Fishery Conservation and Management Act, 16 U.S.C [section] 1853 (2000).
& Ocean Conservancy, It's a Keeper: The Law That's Saving American Fisheries: The Magnuson-Stevens Fishery Conservation and Management Act 35 (2013), https://perma.cc/3BME-NULZ (noting that fishery managers cannot control events such as shifts in ocean temperature that affect fish valued by fishermen with catch limits, "but they can account for them as part of an overall approach to fishery management.
(2) The Magnuson-Stevens Fishery Conservation and Management Act (MSFCMA or MSA) was originally enacted as the Fishery Conservation and Management Act (FCMA) of 1976 (P.L.
Bills to reauthorize and amend major legislation--the Magnuson-Stevens Fishery Conservation and Management Act (MSFCMA) and the Marine Mammal Protection Act (MMPA)--were acted upon by the 109th Congress; the authorization of appropriations for both laws had expired at the end of FY1999.