For example, IMPOWR observations are yielding important knowledge on the small-scale variations in the marine boundary layer
, such as localized pressure gradient and wind enhancements, similar to those observed in the 21 June and 23 July cases above.
The frequent soundings provide important information about marine boundary layer (MBL) structure needed for model evaluation and to initialize process models.
Wu, 2014b: Investigation of the diurnal variation of marine boundary layer cloud microphysical properties at the Azores.
Dong, 2014: Aerosol properties and their influences on marine boundary layer cloud condensation nuclei at the ARM mobile facility over the Azores.
Russell, 2006: Accumulation mode aerosol, pockets of open cells, and particle nucleation in the remote subtropical Pacific marine boundary layer.
Wood, 2012: Marine boundary layer cloud observations at the Azores.
Clarke, 2009: Simulating marine boundary layer clouds over the eastern Pacific in a regional climate model with double-moment cloud microphysics.
Liu, 2008: Climatology of drizzle in marine boundary layer clouds based on 1 year of data from CloudSat and Cloud-Aerosol Lidar and Infrared Pathfinder Satellite Observations (CALIPSO).
Garreaud, 2010a: Marine boundary layer over the subtropical southeast Pacific during VOCALS-REx.
and --, 2010b: Marine boundary layer over the subtropical southeast Pacific during VOCALS-REx.
Collins, 2007: Physical and chemical properties of the aerosol within the southeastern Pacific marine boundary layer.
Bretherton, 2004: Boundary layer depth, entrainment, and decoupling in the cloud-capped subtropical and tropical marine boundary layer.