Differences regarding metabolic syndrome risk factors
were not different between overweight and obese adolescents; however, severely obese adolescents presented a higher risk for metabolic syndrome risk factors
compared to their obese counterpart (14,18).
We selected metabolic syndrome risk factors based on AHA/NHLBI17 in 2005, and we chose waist circumference for Asians, based on world health organization (WHO) of western pacific region.18
We divided metabolic syndrome risk factors into 6 categories as follows: waist circumference (normal scale: less than 90cm in men, less than 80cm in women), fasting blood sugar (normal scale: less than 100mg/dL), triglyceride (normal scale: 150mg/dL), high density lipoprotein cholesterol (normal scale: over 40mg/dL in men, over 50mg/dL in women), systolic blood pressure (normal scale: less than 130mmHg), and diastolic blood pressure (normal scale: less than 85mmHg).
Those participants who supplemented with Pycnogenol were free of all five metabolic syndrome risk factors
and were well within normal values within six months.
Lower adropin levels were also observed in individuals with a higher "metabolic syndrome risk factor
" score, a score determined by measuring triglycerides, LDL cholesterol, HDL, glucose, blood pressure, and waist circumference.
To examine the relationship between adrenal steroids--specifically, aldosterone and cortisol--and metabolic syndrome risk factors
in African Americans, Dr.
One-way ANOVA, followed by a post hoc Tukey test, was used to compare the serum levels of IL-1[beta] in subjects with different numbers of metabolic syndrome risk factors. Data were expressed as median [+ or -] standard deviation.
In this sense, our results suggest that classical monocytes may be converted into nonclassical monocytes in response to metabolic syndrome risk factors such as HDL, thus supporting the notion that monocytes and macrophages may be primed toward proinflammatory activation profiles in the early stages of metabolic dysfunction.
Metabolic Syndrome Ingredients and Products: The MHLW has decided that the emphasis on prevention of metabolic syndrome risk factors needs to be adjusted and possibly formalized in the FOSHU regulations.
The Kaneka "Glavonoid" licorice extract is targeted specifically at problematic visceral fat, which is related to one of the metabolic syndrome risk factors. The ingredient has been introduced in dietary supplements in Japan and very recently on a limited non-exclusive basis in the U.S.
Body fat reduction is, however, so in practice all of the metabolic syndrome risk factors
are currently covered under existing regulations.
Addressing each of the metabolic syndrome risk factors
, the findings can be summarized according to the following categories: