MD

(redirected from Monocular Deprivation)
AcronymDefinition
MDMaryland (US postal abbreviation)
MDMuscular Dystrophy
MDMedicinae Doctor (Doctor of Medicine)
MDMedical Director
MDMedical Doctor
MDMajor Depression
MDMedical Department
MDMode (DSC)
MDMissing Data (statistics)
MDMini Disc
MDMaster's Degree
MDMarketing Director
MDManagement Division
MDMother's Day
MDManaging Director
MDMemorial Day
MDMolecular Dynamics
MDMoldova (ISO country identifier)
MDMason-Dixon (Civil War era boundary between Pennsylvania and Maryland)
MDMusic Director
MDMessage Digest
MDMass Destruction
MDMagdeburg (German license plate code)
MDMailed
MDMandatory (band)
MDMotor Drive
MDModern Drummer (magazine)
MDMcDonnell-Douglas
MDMachine Direction
MDMega Drive (Sega)
MDMiles Davis
MDMacular Degeneration
MDMusic Department
MDMissile Defense
MDMendoza (Argentina province, airline code)
MDMulti-Dimensional
MDMetal Detector
MDMiami-Dade (Miami-Dade County, Fl)
MDMusical Director
MDMcDonalds
MDMicroarray Data (genes)
MDManic Depression
MDMotion Detection (photography)
MDMultiple Data
MDMilitary District
MDManagement Directive
MDMichael Douglas
MDMandarina Duck
MDMatt Damon (actor)
MDMultiple Description
MDMountain Dew
MDMegadeth (band)
MDMetropolitan District (UK)
MDMeningococcal Disease
MDMultiple Disabilities
MDMountain Division
MDMicrodrive
MDMulti-Destination (Sprint)
MDModel Design
MDDuration Magnitude (US Geological Survey; used to compute earthquake size based on shake time)
MDMini Disk
MDMail Drop
MDMillennium Declaration
MDMagnum Dynalab (musical equipment; various locations)
MDMachine Dependent
MDMain Deck
MDMendelevium
MDAir Madagascar (IATA airline code)
MDMinimum Distance (algorithm)
MDMouth Dissoving (medical tablet)
MDMulti-Center Double-Blind (clinical study)
MDMadhuri Dixit (Indian actress)
MDMobile Doll (Direct Operational Lead; gaming)
MDMillion Dead (band)
MDManagement Domain
MDMake Directory (MS-DOS command)
MDMando Diao (band)
MDMaterials Division (American Society of Mechanical Engineers)
MDMonochrome Display
MDMagnetic Disk
MDMucosal Disease (bovine viral disease)
MDMean Deviation
MDMan-Day
MDMediator Dei (Latin: Mediator of God)
MDMission Data
MDMeasured Depth (oil and gas)
MDMarek's Disease (chicken virus)
MDMortgage Deed
MDMain Droite (accoridion, right hand side)
MDMission-Design
MDMetadata Database
MDMentally Deficient
MDMaster of Disaster
MDMandatory Death (band)
MDMean Diffusivity
MDMission Duration
MDMail Destination
MDMaximum Demand
MDMudug (postal region, Somalia)
MDMiddle Dutch
MDMaster Document
MDMagistratsdirektion (German: municipality directorate)
MDMighty Dog (dog food)
MDMonths After Date
MDMinor Defect
MDMister Donut (restaurant)
MDMembrane Distillation
MDMateriel Development
MDMogen David (wine)
MDManufacture Discontinued (AT&T)
MDMeter Dose (inhaler devices)
MDMagical Drop (SNK game)
MDMass Driver (Gundam seed anime)
MDMilestone Decision
MDModulation Depth
MDMorphologic Diagnosis (histopathology)
MDMediation Device
MDMaritime Division
MDMillidarcy (measure of permeability)
MDMaintenance Diagnostic
MDMethyldichloroarsine
MDMine Disposal
MDMechanized Division
MDMicrowave Drying
MDMunitions Dump
MDMobilization/Deployment
MDMultivariate Distribution
MDMessenger Discovery
MDMonocular Deprivation
MDMateriel Developer
MDManning Document
MDMatrix Diagram (Sprint - Quality)
MDMissionary Department
MDMiller Draft
MDMuy Deficiente (Spanish educational grade/mark)
MDMeasurement Difference
MDManufacturer Defined
MDModernization Division (Forecast Systems Laboratory, NOAA)
MDMotorized Damper (HVAC drawings)
MDManoeuvre Demand
MDModule Designer (gaming)
MDMinistria e Drejtësisë (Ministry of Justice, Albania)
MDMachinery Damage (insurance)
MDMean Downtime
MDMega Day
MDMeasurable Development (Northern Vantage, Inc.)
MDMaintenance Drop
MDMaintainability Demonstration
MDMeasurements/Drilling Log (energy production)
MDMine Disc (gaming)
MDMovement Directive
MDManipulative Deception
MDMicrophone Doctor
MDMaterial Defender (Descent game series)
MDMethodology Deliverable
MDModificador Directo (Spanish grammar)
MDMeridian Day
MDMediaDriven
MDMill Desk (Home Depot)
MDMiddle Danish
MDMunicipal Docks Railway (of the Jacksonville Port Authority)
MDMnemonic Debugger (firmware-level diagnostic environment used in Apollo Computers)
MDMarshalled Deployability
MDMicrowave Denitrification
MDModerator Detritiation
MDMetropolitan Dairies
References in periodicals archive ?
Drager, "Observations on monocular deprivation in mice," Journal of Neurophysiology, vol.
Bear, "Molecular mechanism for loss of visual cortical responsiveness following brief monocular deprivation," Nature Neuroscience, vol.
Lunghi, "Short-term monocular deprivation enhances physiological pupillary oscillations," Neural Plasticity, vol.
The other approach [12, 22, 24] has involved the use of fusible stimuli by measuring the contribution that each eye makes to the binocularly fused percept and how this eye balance is perturbed by short-term monocular deprivation. Here we use this latter approach to assess what contribution physical activity makes to the neuroplastic modulation of ocular dominance.
Morrone, "Brief periods of monocular deprivation disrupt ocular balance in human adult visual cortex," Current Biology, vol.
Morrone, "Long-term effects of monocular deprivation revealed with binocular rivalry gratings modulated in luminance and in color," Journal of Vision, vol.
A recent study has shown that following 2.5 hours of monocular deprivation GABA concentration (measured by means of Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy at 7-Tesla) drops in the adult primary visual cortex and across subjects the decrease in GABA levels highly correlates with the boost of deprived eye during binocular rivalry [4].
We measured binocular rivalry and pupil diameter before and after 2 hours of monocular deprivation. The measurements obtained before the deprivation were used as baseline (two 180 sec experimental blocks for binocular rivalry, one 120 sec block of pupillary measurement).
Previous studies have shown that 7 days period of monocular deprivation in fluoxetine-treated adult rats is sufficient to bring about a change in the ocular dominance.
We observed that fluoxetine produced a significant increase in the expression of genes involved in inhibitory neurotransmission when comparing both animals with binocular vision and animals with monocular deprivation with their respective controls (BV-Sal versus BV-Flx and MD-Sal versus MD-Flx; Figure 2(a)).
Indeed, transgenic mice with reduced levels of intracortical inhibition due to the lack of the GABA-synthetizing enzyme GAD65 exhibit no modifications of visual cortex responsiveness after monocular deprivation in early life, whereas enhancing inhibition by exogenous administration of GABAA-receptor agonists in the knockout background rescues the impairment of plasticity [86, 87].
Compelling experimental evidence for NPAS4-mediated transcriptional mechanisms that lie behind phenomena of visual cortex plasticity in adulthood has been recently obtained using the monocular deprivation paradigm and chronic treatment with fluoxetine as a pharmacological strategy for the induction of plasticity.