Aloha Camp's first Opening Day in June of 1905, was especially fulfilling for Mother and Father Gulick after a long winter of hard work in planning, arranging, and corresponding with prospective campers, counselors, and parents.
Along with its ideal setting, what made Aloha Camp so successful was Mother and Father Gulick's attention to the inner spirit in equal portion to their spontaneity and their initiation of "delightful activities." Each spring, Mother Gulick would advise campers on what to pack.
After a courageous first year, Mother and Father Gulick had to take out a loan to pay their debts.
The success of Aloha Camp and Aloha Club inspired Mother and Father Gulick to imagine how camp could benefit younger girls.
The Jackson Personality Inventory (JPI) was adapted, for use in this study, to measure mother and father empathy (Jackson, 1976).
Factor analyses were conducted on mother and father perceptions of paternal prenatal involvement and on mother and father perceptions of conflict in the partner relationship.
The second set of analyses was conducted on mother and father scores of interparental conflict.
Instead, we relied on mother and father reports of prenatal involvement.